This website is intended for Medical Professionals only. By using this site you confirm that you are a healthcare professional.

News
Anti-Inflammatory Diet Linked to Reduced ... Adhering to an anti-inflammatory diet was associated with lower ... (17 Sep 2018)
Salsa dancers ‘less likely to get injured ... Salsa dancers are less likely to get injured while dancing than ... (17 Sep 2018)
Paracetamol use in infancy is linked to ...   Children who take paracetamol during their first two years ... (17 Sep 2018)
Diagnosing and treating resistant ... Resistant hypertension affects 12 to 15 percent of patients ... (11 Sep 2018)
Commonly used antidepressant drugs ... The difficulties that people have in discontinuing ... (13 Sep 2018)
Sunday, 09 September 2018 21:38

Jet-air dryers should not be used in hospital toilets Featured

Rate this item
(0 votes)

Jet-air hand dryers in hospital toilets spread more germs than disposable paper towels and should not be used, say researchers.

Writing in the Journal of Hospital Infection, they argue that the official guidance about how to prevent bacterial contamination in hospital buildings needs to be strengthened.

At the moment, the official Department of Health guidance says air dryers can be placed in toilets in the public areas of a hospital but not in clinical areas: not because of the risks they pose for cross contamination but because they are noisy.

Mark Wilcox, Professor of Medical Microbiology at the University of Leeds who supervised the international study, said the guidance needs to focus on the infection risks given new evidence.

The new study looked at bacterial spread in a real world setting – in two toilets in each of three hospitals, which were in the UK, France and Italy. Each of the toilets had paper towel dispensers and jet-air dryers, but only one of these was in use on any given day.

Professor Wilcox said: “The problem starts because some people do not wash their hands properly.

“When people use a jet-air dryer, the microbes get blown off and spread around the toilet room.

“In effect, the dryer creates an aerosol that contaminates the toilet room, including the dryer itself and potentially the sinks, floor and other surfaces, depending on the dryer design and where it is sited. If people touch those surfaces, they risk becoming contaminated by bacteria or viruses.

“Jet-air dryers often rely on no-touch technology to initiate hand drying. However, paper towels absorb the water and microbes left on the hands and if they are disposed of properly, there is less potential for cross-contamination.”

The study, led by researchers from the University of Leeds and Leeds Teaching Hospitals Trust, was the largest of its type to investigate whether the way people dry their hands has an impact on the spread of bacteria.

This research follows a previous laboratory-based study led by the same team, which found that jet-air dryers were much worse than paper towels or traditional warm air hand dryers when it came to spreading germs.

The hospitals used in the study were the Leeds General Infirmary in Yorkshire, the hospital of Saint Antoine (Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris) in France, and the Hospital of Udine in Italy.

On each day, over 12 weeks, levels of bacterial contamination in the toilets were measured, allowing comparisons to be made when either paper towels or jet-air dryers were in use. Samples were taken from the floors, air and surfaces in each of the toilets. The main target bacteria were:
Staphylococcus aureus: responsible for a range of conditions from minor skin and wound infections to life-threatening septicaemia.
Enterococci: bacteria that can cause difficult-to-treat infections, including in immunocompromised patients.
Enterobacteria: including Escherichia coli. These bacteria cause a wide range of infections, including gastroenteritis, pneumonia and septicaemia.
Across the three hospitals, bacterial counts were significantly higher in the toilets on the days that jet-air dryers were in use.

In Leeds and Paris, at least five times more bacteria were recovered from the floors when jet-air dryers were in use, compared with paper towels.

In Leeds, Staphylococcus aureus (including MRSA) was found three times more often and in higher amounts on the surface of the jet-air dryers compared with the paper towel dispensers. Significantly more enterococci and multidrug resistant bacteria were recovered from either the floors or dust of toilets when the jet-air dryers rather than paper towels were in use.

In Italy, the researchers found significantly fewer bacteria on the surface of paper towel dispensers compared with the jet-air dryers, although no significant difference on the floors.

Professor Wilcox said: “We found multiple examples of greater bacterial contamination on surfaces, including by faecal and antibiotic-resistant bacteria, when jet-air dryers rather than paper towels were in use. Choice of hand drying method affects how likely microbes can spread, and so possibly the risk of infection.”

Frédéric Barbut, Professor of Microbiology at Saint Antoine (Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris), said: “The higher environmental contamination observed when using jet air-dryers compared with paper towels increases the risk for cross-contamination.

“These results confirm previous laboratory-based findings and support the recent French guidelines regarding hand hygiene, which discourage using jet-air dryers in clinical wards”.

The study was funded by the European Tissue Symposium, a trade organisation representing companies that manufacture paper towels. However, the research was independently conceived, designed, conducted and interpreted, and was peer-reviewed by experts not involved in the study.


Source: University of Leeds
Full bibliographic information

The paper ‘Multicentre study to examine the extent of environmental contamination by potential bacterial pathogens, including antibiotic resistant bacteria, in hospital washrooms according to hand-drying method’ is published in the Journal of Hospital Infection on 7 September (DOI 10.1016/j.jhin.2018.07.002).

 

Read 92 times Last modified on Sunday, 09 September 2018 07:41

TheSynapse Videos

0
0
0
0
0
0

Latest news

Highlights

  • WASP Course in Bahrain

    WASP Course, led by Prof Victor Grech and Prof Charles Savona Ventura, has recently organised a course in Bahrain. Co-hosted with Arabian Gulf University, the course, on how to write a scientific paper, focused on quantitative analysis methods and was targeted for medical doctors and allied health professionals.

    Written on April 24, 2018 Read more...
  • Les Laboratoires Servier - Job Vacancy
    Written on June 29, 2018 Read more...

Join

Connect with other Medical Professionals on fb in a closed facebook group

captcha  

Login

Template Settings

Theme Colors

Cyan Red Green Oranges Teal

Layout

Wide Boxed Framed Rounded
Patterns for Layour: Boxed, Framed, Rounded
Top
We use cookies to improve our website. By continuing to use this website, you are giving consent to cookies being used. More details…