Prematurity is the main complication of pregnancy, and 15 million babies are born preterm worldwide each year. Physicians worldwide have investigated whether vaginal progesterone administration to women with a mid-trimester sonographic short cervix reduces the rate of preterm birth. Now physicians and researchers have found that when all available information is considered in an individual patient data meta-analysis, the results are clear: vaginal progesterone reduces the rate of preterm birth at <28, <30, <32, <34, <35, and <36 weeks.
Benzodiazepine and related drug use is associated with a 40 per cent increase in mortality among persons with Alzheimer’s disease, according to a new study from the University of Eastern Finland. The findings were published in the International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry.
Any physical activity in the elderly is better than none at all for reducing cardiovascular risk, according to an 18-year study in more than 24 000 adults published today in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology.1
Maintaining sufficient vitamin D levels may help to prevent the onset of inflammatory diseases like rheumatoid arthritis, research led by the University of Birmingham has discovered.
Testing for fever, high pulse rate, crackly breath sounds, and low oxygen levels could be key to helping GPs distinguish pneumonia from less serious infections, according to a large study published in the
European Respiratory Journal .
According to a recent University of Helsinki study, disordered eating among young adults has long-term effects on their health.
Resistance training can promote environmental quality of life and sense of coherence in older adults. This was observed in a study carried out at the University of Jyväskylä, Faculty of Sport and Health Sciences, Finland, in co-operation with the Gerontology Research Center and the Neuromuscular Research Center.
A new study has found that heart failure patients with pre-existing type 2 diabetes have higher hospitalisation and death rates, but that keeping blood sugars balanced can help lower the risk almost to that of heart failure patients without diabetes.
The study, led by Keele University researcher Claire Lawson, and in collaboration with the University of Leicester, highlights the complex interplay between type 2 diabetes and heart failure.
Decompression surgery does not reduce shoulder pain any more than placebo surgery for people with shoulder impingement – when the tendon rubs and catches in the joint, according to the first placebo-controlled trial in shoulder surgery published in The Lancet.
Single men are significantly less likely to participate in bowel screening tests compared to those who live with a partner, according to a new University of Stirling study.
A team of Swedish scientists have used national registries of more than 3.4 million Swedes aged 40 to 80 to study the association between dog ownership and cardiovascular health. Their study shows that dog owners had a lower risk of death due to cardiovascular disease or to other causes during the 12-year follow-up.
Researchers from the University of Granada say that blue light accelerates the relaxation process after acute psychosocial stress such as arguing with a friend or when someone pressures you to quickly finish some task Researchers from the University of Granada (UGR), in collaboration with the School for Special Education San Rafael (Hospitaller Order of Saint John of God, Granada, Spain) have proven, by means of an objective evaluation using electrophysiological measurements, that blue lighting accelerates the relaxation process after acute psychosocial stress in comparison with conventional white lighting.